Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Iron Deficiency Anemia
Keywords:Gestational diabetes mellitus, Iron deficiency anemia, Mean corpuscular volume
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether gestational diabetes mellitus is influenced by the presence of iron deficiency anemia in early pregnancy.
STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included 131 gestational diabetes mellitus and 300 non-gestational diabetes mellitus pregnants that were screened and diagnosed between the 24-28 week of gestation. Gestational diabetes mellitus was diagnosed by two-step testing regimen. Anemia in pregnancy was defined as hemoglobin below 11 g/dL in the first trimester.
RESULTS: We found out that the mean hemoglobin value and mean corpuscular volume were significantly higher in the gestational diabetes mellitus group (12.2±1.26 vs. 11.72±1.17; p<0.001 and 89.29±7.55 vs. 84.64±6.93; p<0.001). After the analysis of covariance for maternal age, body mass index, parity, birth weight there were significant differences in hemoglobin values and mean corpuscular volume values between two groups (respectively p=0.002, p<0.001). In the gestational diabetes mellitus group >4000 g newborns were significantly higher (19.8% vs.6.7%) (p<0.001).
CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that gestational diabetes mellitus was associated with high levels of hemoglobin that was measured in first trimester.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 Neslihan Yerebasmaz, Şeyma Asiltürk, Erdem Fadıllıoğlu, Özlem Şengül, Serdar Yalvaç, Ömer Kandemir
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
All the articles published in GORM are licensed with "Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY 4.0)". This license entitles all parties to copy, share and redistribute all the articles, data sets, figures and supplementary files published in this journal in data mining, search engines, web sites, blogs and other digital platforms under the condition of providing references.